England failed to shine without Wayne Rooney as it escaped with a 0-0 draw against Slovenia after a dire display in Tuesday's World Cup qualifier.
With Rooney watching from the bench after being dropped by interim manager Gareth Southgate, England's turgid efforts could easily have led to an embarrassing defeat.
By the time Manchester United star Rooney came on in the 72nd minute, England goalkeeper Joe Hart had made a series of fine saves to keep unheralded Slovenia at bay in the Stozice Stadium.
Rooney's introduction added a little more menace to England's attacks, but it was too late to steal what would have been Southgate's second successive victory following Saturday's 2-0 win over Malta.
England remainw unbeaten and top of Group F on the road to the 2018 World Cup in Russia, but this was exactly the kind of listless performance that led to its shock exit from EURO 2016 and Southgate's decision to axe Rooney did little to improve its fortunes.
After winning its last 14 qualifying matches, England was denied three points for the first time on the road to a major tournament since 2013. "Everyone can see we could be better but their chances came from our mistakes or set-pieces," Southgate said.
"We owe our goalkeeper really for getting a point. He was fantastic. We didn't start either half well and it's an outstanding save that gets us a point."
For so long the main man for club and country, Rooney's recent slump had seen him dropped by United and then England in the space of a few weeks.
Whatever Rooney's failings of late, it was still a bold move from Southgate and the pressure was on Eric Dier and Dele Alli to prove he was right to put his faith in the Tottenham duo ahead of such a vastly experienced star.
Alli, the man who has taken the number 10 role from Rooney, nearly conjured an early goal when his astute pass sent Daniel Sturridge through on goal, but Slovenia goalkeeper Jan Oblak was quick off his line to block.
Dier, the other player Southgate preferred to Rooney in midfield, made a less accomplished start as he attempted a backpass without looking and Slovenia striker Roman Bezjak pounced to surge clear for a shot that Hart saved well.
England still couldn't clear the danger and Jasmin Kurtic had time and space to set himself for a curling shot that beat Hart, only to rebound off the far post to Bezjak, who scuffed wide with the goal at his mercy.
Southgate's men were struggling to find any rhythm and finished the half without a shot on target.
There was no sign of any improvement from England after the interval and Hart, enjoying his best display since being exiled by Manchester City, had to scramble across to keep out Bostjan Cesar's close-range effort from a corner.
It took an even better stop from Hart to keep England level as he leapt to his left to push Kurtic's header onto the bar and then clawed the ball away again when it threatened to drop into the net.
Southgate's first response to England's slumbering display wasn't to turn to Rooney and instead he sent on Crystal Palace winger Andros Townsend, who quickly forced Oblak to save.
Slovenia is 67th in FIFA's world rankings, but it was giving England fits and Hart had to come to the rescue again, saving from Josip Ilicic after a dreadful backpass from Jordan Henderson.
With England's fans chanting Rooney's name, he replaced Alli in the 72nd minute and immediately reclaimed the captain's armband from Henderson.
Rooney almost made a dramatic impact when he whipped his first shot just past the post.
A Rooney lay-off gave Jesse Lingard a sight of goal in the closing stages, but Oblak made the save to deny England what would have been an undeserved success.
European qualifying for the 2018 World Cup on Tuesday:
At Ostrava, Czech Republic: Czech Republic 0 Azerbaijan 0
At Hanover, Germany: Germany 2 (Draxler 13, Khedira 17) Northern Ireland 0
At Oslo: Norway 4 (Simoncini 11-o.g., Diomande 77, Samuelsen 82, King 83) San Marino 1 (Stefanelli 54)
At Copenhagen: Denmark 0 Montenegro 1 (Beciraj 32)
At Warsaw: Poland 2 (Mkoyan 48-o.g., Lewandowski 90+5) Armenia 1 (Pizzelli 50)
At Astana: Kazakhstan 0 Romania 0
At Trnava, Slovakia: Slovakia 3 (Mak 18, 56, Nemec 68) Scotland 0
At Vilnius: Lithuania 2 (Cernych 76, Novikovas 84-pen) Malta 0
At Ljubljana: Slovenia 0 England 0
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