A century of wins!

The Indian team poses trophy after winning the the second Test cricket match against the West Indies in Hyderabad on October 14, 2018.   -  AFP

100

The number of Test match wins for India on home soil. It achieved this landmark during its record victory by an innings and 272 runs at Rajkot against the West Indies. India thus became the fourth side to win 100 or more Test matches at home.

Teams with 100 or more Test victories:

TeamTestsWonLostDrawnTiedWin percentage
Australia4152389779157.35
England515217120178042.14
South Africa2301047056045.22
India26610052113137.59

 

7

The number of times India has achieved a first innings lead of 400-plus in Tests. The 468-run lead at Rajkot was India’s third highest in Tests.

Biggest first-innings lead for India in Tests:

LeadOpponentVenueMonth, yearWon byCaptainBatted
492BangladeshMirpurMay 2007Innings and 239 runsRahul Dravid1st
478West IndiesKolkataNovember 2011Innings and 15 runsM. S. Dhoni1st
468West IndiesRajkotOctober 2018Innings and 272 runsVirat Kohli1st
439Sri LankaColombo SSCAugust 2017Innings and 53 runsVirat Kohli1st
413Sri LankaKanpurNovember 2009Innings and 144 runsM. S. Dhoni1st
405Sri LankaNagpurNovember 2017Innings and 239 runsVirat Kohli2nd
400AustraliaKolkataMarch 1998Innings and 219 runsMohammad Azharuddin2nd

 

12

The number of Indian batsmen to register a century in their very first innings on Test debut. Prithvi Shaw became the latest entrant to this exclusive list. His 134 is now the third highest by an Indian in his very first Test innings on debut.

Highest scores by Indians on debut:

RunsBatsmanAgainstVenueDateAgeBatting positionResult
187Shikhar DhawanAustraliaMohaliMarch 14, 201327 years, 101 days2Won
177Rohit SharmaWest IndiesKolkataNovember 6, 201326 years, 191 days6Won
134Prithvi ShawWest IndiesRajkotOctober 4, 201818 years, 329 days1Won
131Sourav GangulyEnglandLord’sJune 20, 199623 years, 350 days3Drawn
124Surinder AmarnathNew ZealandAucklandJanuary 24, 197627 years, 26 days3Won

 

10

The number of teenage cricketers to have registered three-figure scores on their Test debut. Prithvi Shaw became the latest entrant and is now the fourth youngest and the first Indian teenager to do so, during his knock of 134 in Rajkot. Below is the list of all 10 teenagers who scored centuries on their Test debut.

Teenage cricketers to score a hundred on Test debut:

AgeBatsmanForRunsOppositionVenueDateInningsResult
17 years, 63 daysMohammad AshrafulBangladesh114Sri LankaColombo SSCSeptember 6, 20013Lost
17 years, 354 daysHamilton MasakadzaZimbabwe119West IndiesHarareJuly 27, 20013Drawn
18 years, 328 daysSaleem MalikPakistan100*PakistanKarachiMarch 5, 19823Won
18 years, 329 daysPrithvi ShawIndia134West IndiesRajkotOctober 4, 20181Won
19 years, 108 daysMohammad WasimPakistan109*New ZealandLahoreNovember 21, 19964Lost
19 years, 119 daysJaved MiandadPakistan163New ZealandLahoreOctober 9, 19761Won
19 years, 152 daysArchie JacksonAustralia164EnglandAdelaideFebruary 1, 19292Lost
19 years, 184 daysUmar AkmalPakistan129New ZealandDunedinNovember 24, 20092Lost
19 years, 228 daysAdrian BarathWest Indies104AustraliaBrisbaneNovember 26, 20093Lost
19 years, 357 daysDoug WaltersAustralia155EnglandBrisbaneDecember 10, 19651Drawn

 

123

The number of innings taken by Virat Kohli to register his 24th Test hundred (in Rajkot). This is now the second quickest in terms of innings by any batsman to reach this landmark in Test history. Don Bradman in November 1947 took just 66 innings.

InningsTestsBatsmanForAchieved onAgeScores of 50-99
6643Don BradmanAustraliaNovember 28, 194739 years, 93 days11
12372Virat KohliIndiaOctober 5, 201829 years, 334 days24
12579Sachin TendulkarIndiaNovember 26, 200027 years, 216 days24
12871Sunil GavaskarIndiaDecember 13, 198132 years, 156 days28
13275Matthew HaydenAustraliaNovember 18, 200534 years, 20 days21
13580Mohammad YousufPakistanJuly 5, 200934 years, 312 days28

 

Queries Corner

On how many occasions have both captains in a Test also kept wickets in the same match? — Adil Hussain, Ahmedabad

The recent Test in Dubai provided the fifth time when both captains in a Test match were also the wicketkeepers. In all, it has occurred on eight occasions in Tests. Here are the details.

* Twice in Tests for Lee Germon (New Zealand) and Andy Flower (Zimbabwe) in January 1996.

* Once in Tests for Khaled Mashud (Bangladesh) and Mark Boucher (South Africa) in October 2002.

* Twice in Tests for Khaled Mashud (Bangladesh) and Ridley Jacobs (West Indies) in December 2002.

* Twice in Tests for Denesh Ramdin (West Indies) and Mushfiqur Rahim (Bangladesh) in September 2014.

* Once in Tests for Sarfraz Ahmed (Pakistan) and Tim Paine (Australia) in October 2018 (in Dubai).

How often has India won a Test match by an innings? When did it achieve its first ever innings victory in Tests? Also, which opponent has lost by an innings to India on most occasions? — Srihari Rao, Visakhapatnam

India’s biggest Test win by an innings and 272 runs in Rajkot was its 42nd such instance in Test cricket. India’s first ever innings victory (innings and eight runs) came against England at Chepauk in Chennai on February 10, 1952. This, incidentally, was India’s first ever Test win!

Among India's, opponents, Sri Lanka has lost to India by an innings on most occasions — 11 times. Sri Lanka is followed by England and West Indies with six each, Australia and New Zealand with four each and Pakistan, Zimbabwe, Bangladesh, South Africa and Afghanistan with one.

Prithvi Shaw has a century on his first-class debut and also on his Test debut. Is he the first to do so? — Milan Shirke, Mumbai

Prithvi Shaw is, in fact, the third batsman to achieve this rare feat. India’s Gundappa Viswanath was the first to do so in Tests. He made 230 on debut for Mysore in 1967-68 and then two years later made a 137 on his Test debut against Australia in 1969-70. The second batman to emulate Viswanath was Aussie Dirk Wellham. He made an exact 100 on debut for New South Wales in 1980-81 and a few months later he made 103 on Test debut against England at the Oval in 1981.

In the Rajkot Test, 18-year-old Prithvi Shaw scored a century, while 29-year-old Ravindra Jadeja (he will be 30 in December) also hit a century in the same innings. Has it ever happened in any other Test that a teenager and and a much older player scored a century in the same innings? — B. K. Harinath, Mysuru

There are few such instances in Test cricket history. But the maximum difference in age for such an instance that I could locate was between Zaheer Abbas (35 years, 164 days), when he scored 168 not out against India in Lahore in 1982-83, while Saleem Malik (19 years, 264 days) made 107 in the same innings.

All figures above are updated as on October 11, 2018.