Mankading down the years

Looking back at the origin and instances of mankading in the history of the game.

Keemo Paul of West Indies celebrates with team-mates after mankading Richard Ngarava of Zimbabwe to hand his team to a two-run victory and a place in the quarterfinals of the Under-19 World Cup in Chittagong.   -  ICC

Sri Lankan spinner Sachithra Senanayake appeals to umpire Michael Gough after mankading Jos Buttler of England in the final ODI in Birmingham.   -  AP

The West Indies bowler, Keemo Paul, shocked the cricketing world when he 'mankaded' the last Zimbabwean batsman, Richard Ngarava, to guide his team to a two-run victory and into the quarterfinals of the Under-19 World Cup in Chittagong on Wednesday. The incident, though, came in for severe criticisms from many former and current cricketers.

What is mankading?

When a bowler, in his delivery stride, runs out a batsman at the non-striker’s end as he is backing up, it is called mankading. In 1947, Indian all-rounder Vinoo Mankad ran out Australia's Bill Brown in this manner in the second Test in Sydney. Thus, the mode of dismissal was named after the Indian. Despite being criticised for his action, several cricketers then supported Mankad, including the legendary Australian cricketer, Sir Donald Bradman, and later Brown himself.

According to ICC ODI Match Playing Conditions Law 42.15: “The bowler is permitted, before releasing the ball and provided he has not completed his usual delivery swing, to deliberately attempt to run out the non-striker. Whether the attempt is successful or not, the ball shall not count as one of the over. If the bowler fails in an attempt to run out the non-striker, the umpire shall call and signal dead ball as soon possible.”

Other instances of 'mankading'

In international cricket, there are plenty of instances of a non-striker being mankaded.

In 1969, during the fourth Test in Adelaide, Australia's Ian Redpath was mankaded by West Indian Charlie Griffith.

Six years later, Greg Chappell (Australia) performed it for the first time in a One-Day International, when he ran out Brian Luckhurst (England).

In a Test in 1976, Sikander Bakht (Pakistan) was mankaded by Alan Hurst (Australia) at the WACA. Dipak Patel (New Zealand) mankaded Grant Flower (Zimbabwe) during a one-day series in 1992-93.

In 2014, the Sri Lankan spinner, Sachithra Senanayake, mankaded England wicketkeeper Jos Buttler in the final ODI in Birmingham and helped his side clinch the series.

More Indians…

After Mankad, the most famous instance of mankading by an Indian was when Kapil Dev ran out Peter Kirsten. Even though the incident turned the temperature on, as Kapil and Kirsten got into an arguement, the South African later accepted that he was warned by the Indian bowler.

 

Ravichandran Ashwin mankaded Lahiru Thirimanne during the 2012 CB Series in Australia. However, Virender Sehwag, who was the stand-in captain, withdrew the appeal after consulting with Sachin Tendulkar.

Murali Kartik effected such a dismissal on more than one occasion — once in a country match and then in a Ranji Trophy game. In 2012, during a county match against Somerset, Kartik, who played for Surrey, mankaded Alex Barrow and was at the receiving end of the crowd. The following year, in a Ranji Trophy match against Bengal, Kartik, playing for Railways, ran out non-striker Sandipan Das.

During a match in the 1987 World Cup, Courtney Walsh had the chance of mankading Pakistan's Saleem Jaffer. The West Indian fast bowler stopped in his delivery stride when Jaffar, at the non-striker's end, had backed up too far. He, however, decided against running Jaffer out and headed back to bowl the delivery again.

Walsh was praised for his sportsmanship, but West Indies lost the match and was eliminated from the tournament.

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